FAST critical reflection involves Formulating and Analyzing issues, Synthesizing insights, and Translating the insights into action.
FAST can be self-administered or facilitated by a person or software program.
The process should occur in the context of collecting and reviewing information.
Each step produces a corresponding document and can be further structured using other methods. See figure below. The SLCT ("select") process can be used to formulate issues early in critical reflection; while the SCOPED process can be used for analysis; and the S5 model can be used for synthesizing insights.
Jeff Belkora conceived of FAST, SLCT, SCOPED and S5 based on years of work helping patients reflect critically with doctors and others about treatment decisions.